Edward Hopper

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Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. In both his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life.[1]



Early life

Hopper was born in upper Nyack, New York, a yacht-building center on the Hudson River north of New York City. He was one of two children of a comfortably well-off, middle-class family. His parents, of mostly Dutch ancestry, were Garret Henry Hopper, a dry-goods merchant, and his wife Elizabeth Griffiths Smith.[2] Though not as successful as his forebears, Garrett provided well for his two children with considerable help from his wife’s inheritance. He retired at age forty-nine.[3] Edward and his only sister Marion attended both private and public schools. They were raised in a strict Baptist home.[4] His father had a mild nature, and the household was dominated by women: Hopper's mother, grandmother, sister, and maid.[5] His birthplace and boyhood home was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.[6]

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