Edwards County, Texas

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Edwards County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 2,162. Edwards County is named for Haden Harrison Edwards, an early settler of Nacogdoches, Texas. The seat of the county is Rocksprings[1]. The Edwards Aquifer and Edwards Plateau are named after the county by reason of their locations.[2].


History Timeline

  • Early inhabitants are Lipan Apache, Comanche.[3]
  • 1762 Looking for protection from Comanches, Lipan Apache chief El Gran Cabezón persuades Franciscans and the Spanish military to establish San Lorenzo de la Santa Cruz Mission on the Nueces River. The Mission was abandoned in 1771.[4]
  • 1825 Virginia born Haden Harrison Edwards joins forces with Stephen F. Austin and contracts with Coahuila y Tejas for the introduction 800 families into east Texas. The next year, Edwards declares the Republic of Fredonia near Nacogdoches, Texas, an early attempt to secede from Mexico. Stephen F. Austin joins forces with Mexico against Edwards. Haden Edwards flees in 1827 to Louisiana for his safety, later to return and spend the rest of his life in Nacogdoches.[5]
  • 1858 Edwards County is formed from Bexar County.[3]
  • 1871 Clint Smith, age 11, and brother Jeff Smith, age 9, kidnapped by Indians near Rocksprings.[6]
  • 1882 W.J. Greer settles a sheep camp at Rocksprings.[7]
  • 1883 Edwards County officially organized and named for Haden Harrison Edwards.[8][9]
  • 1884 Francis Winan cattle and sheep ranch at Rocksprings.[3]
  • 1885 A.O. Burr sets up farming at Rocksprings.[3]
  • 1891 County seat becomes Rocksprings. County Courthouse is built by architects Ben Davey and Bruno Schort in the Romanesque Revival Style. [10]
  • 1898 Rocksprings Telephone Company starts up.[11]
  • 1913 Edwards loses land in its eastern section to Real County.[3]
  • 1927 Tornado hits Rocksprings.[12]
  • 1940 Rocksprings calls itself the "Top-o-the-World" in mohair production, which peaks that year.[3]
  • 1946 Oil discovered in the county.[3]
  • 1991 Kickapoo Cavern State Park, 6,400 acres (26 km2) in both Edwards and Kinney County, opens to the public.[13]
  • 1992 Devil’s Sinkhole State Natural Area near Rocksprings, home to the largest single-chambered cavern and third-deepest in the state, opens to the public.[14]

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