Effingham, Illinois

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Effingham is a township in Effingham County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,384 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Effingham County.[1]

The town bills itself as "The Crossroads of Opportunity" because of its location at the intersection of two major Interstate highways: I-57 running from Chicago to Miner, Missouri, and I-70 running from Utah to Maryland. It also is the path of U.S. Route 45, which runs from Michigan to Alabama. Illinois Route 33 and Illinois Route 32 also run through the town. Thus, Effingham has a broad range of restaurants, lodging, and shopping facilities. Effingham is also located on U.S. Highway 40, the historic National Road, which stretches from San Francisco, California to Atlantic City, New Jersey.



Effingham is located at 39°7′15″N 88°32′45″W / 39.12083°N 88.54583°W / 39.12083; -88.54583 (39.120903, -88.545909).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km²), of which, 8.7 square miles (22.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.69%) is water.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 12,384 people, 5,330 households, and 3,187 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,428.9 people per square mile (551.5/km²). There were 5,660 housing units at an average density of 653.0/sq mi (252.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.79% White, 0.36% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

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