Effingham County, Illinois

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Effingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 34,264. Its county seat is Effingham, Illinois[1].



Effingham County was formed in 1855 out of Fayette and Crawford Counties. It may have been named after Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham, who resigned his commission as general in the British army in 1775, refusing to serve in the war against the Colonies. The name is Anglo-Saxon for "Effa's house". New information suggests that the county was named after a surveyor who surveyed the area whose last name was Effingham. There is no written proof that the county was named after Lord Effingham.

Giant Cross: Just west of Effingham, Illinois on Interstate 70 there is a 198 ft. White Cross. 50,000 travellers are estimated to pass the site each day. It is the world's second biggest cross, and took over 200 tons of steel to erect.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 480 square miles (1,243.2 km2) of which 479 square miles (1,240.6 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.25%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

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