Egremont, Massachusetts

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Egremont is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,345 at the 2000 census. Egremont consists of two villages, North Egremont and South Egremont.

Contents

History

Egremont was first settled by Dutch settlers from New York in 1722. English settlers arrived in 1725-6, and the town was officially incorporated by Massachusetts in 1761. It is unclear whether the town is named for the English town or for the first Earl of Egremont, whose title was created shortly after the settlement of the town. Egremont has spent much of its time as an agricultural town, with only a small milling area around South Egremont.

Around New Year's Day, 1776, General Henry Knox passed through the town with cannons from Fort Ticonderoga, which he was bringing to help end the Siege of Boston. Today, the path is known as the Knox Trail, and a historical marker is located in the village of North Egremont.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49.1 km²), of which, 18.8 square miles (48.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.63%) is water. Egremont lies along the western border of Berkshire County and Massachusetts, with Columbia County, New York to the west. The town is bordered by Alford to the north, Great Barrington to the east, Sheffield to the southeast, Mount Washington to the southwest, and Copake and Hillsdale, New York to the west. Egremont is 23 miles south-southwest of Pittsfield, 50 miles west of Springfield, and 140 miles west of Boston.

Egremont is situated in a valley east of the Taconic Range. To the southwest, Mount Whitlock divides the town from Mount Washington, and to the west, Mount Fray and several other mountains divide the town from New York proper. Mount Fray is also the site of the Catamount Ski Area, which extends into Hillsdale. Mount Whitlock and its neighbor, the Jug End, make up the Jug End State Reservation and Wildlife Management Area. The Appalachian Trail extends through the reservation, before turning east at the Jug End towards Great Barrington. The town lies along the Green River, a tributary of the Housatonic River. Several brooks also flow through the town, with one being dammed to form the Mill Pond in South Egremont.

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