Egyptian Islamic Jihad

related topics
{war, force, army}
{group, member, jewish}
{son, year, death}
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{build, building, house}
{car, race, vehicle}
{company, market, business}
{system, computer, user}

The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Arabic: الجهاد الإسلامي المصري‎) (EIJ), formerly called simply Islamic Jihad (الجهاد الإسلامي and Liberation Army for Holy Sites[1]) originally referred to as "al-Jihad," and then "the Jihad Group", or "the Jihad Organization",[2] is an Egyptian Islamist group active since the late 1970s. It is under worldwide embargo by the United Nations as an affiliate of al-Qaeda.[3] It is also banned by several individual governments including that of the Russian Federation.[4] Since 1991 it has been led by Ayman al-Zawahiri.

The organization's original primary goal was to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace it with an Islamic state. Later it broadened its aims to include attacking the United States and Israel interests in Egypt and abroad.

EIJ has suffered setbacks as a result of numerous arrests of operatives worldwide, most recently in Lebanon and Yemen.[citation needed] In June 2001, Al Qaeda and Egyptian Islamic Jihad, which had been associated with each other for many years, merged into "Qaeda al-Jihad."[5]



Al-Jihad or "Tanzim al-Jihad" was formed in 1980 from the merger of two clusters of Islamist groups: a Cairo branch, under Muhammad abd-al-Salam Faraj, and a Saidi (Upper Egypt) branch under Karam Zuhdi.[6] Faraj wrote the 1980 book al-Faridah al-Ghaiba (The Neglected Obligation), setting forth the standards for EIJ, of which 500 copies were printed.[7]

Full article ▸

related documents
Ahmed Yassin
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Anglo-Dutch Wars
Battle of Lechfeld
Charles XII of Sweden
Battle of Mohács
Buchenwald concentration camp
First Italo–Ethiopian War
Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Maginot Line
Battle of Hastings
Battle of the Crater
Waterloo (film)
Abdul Rashid Dostum
Tehran Conference
Ulster Volunteer Force
Tadeusz Kościuszko
Abu Sayyaf
John III Sobieski
Boxer Rebellion
Attila the Hun
Lebanese Armed Forces
Battle of the Chesapeake
First Punic War
Northern Crusades