Elgin, Texas

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Elgin (pronounced /ˈɛlɡɨn/) is a city in Bastrop and Travis Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 5,700 at the 2000 census. By 2005, the population grew to an estimated 8,689.[3] Elgin is also known as The Sausage Capital of Texas[4] and the Brick Capital of the Southwest [5] due to the presence of three operating brickyards in the mid-twentieth century (two of which are open to this date).



Elgin is located 19 miles (31 km) miles east of Austin[6][7] and 15 miles (24 km) north of Bastrop.[8] Most of the city lies in Bastrop County, with an expanding portion[citation needed] into Travis County. Bastrop County also borders Williamson, Lee, Caldwell and Fayette counties.

Elgin is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 290 and State Highway 95.[8] Most of north Elgin is predominated by blackland prairie soil, suited for growing cotton, maize and corn.


The City of Elgin owes its existence to a major flood of the Colorado River in 1869. Originally, the railroad was to have run from McDade, ten miles (16 km) east of Elgin, southwest to the Colorado River at a point somewhere between Bastrop and Webberville, then to Austin following the river.

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