Elizabeth Gaskell

related topics
{son, year, death}
{film, series, show}
{language, word, form}
{work, book, publish}
{woman, child, man}
{theory, work, human}
{city, large, area}
{group, member, jewish}
{build, building, house}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{town, population, incorporate}
{album, band, music}

Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, née Stevenson (29 September 1810 – 12 November 1865), often referred to simply as Mrs Gaskell, was a British novelist and short story writer during the Victorian era. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor, and as such are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature.[1]

Contents

Early life

Gaskell was born Elizabeth Stevenson on 29 September 1810, at 93 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, which was then on the outskirts of London. Gaskell was the eighth and last of her parents' children; only she and her brother John survived infancy. Her father, William Stevenson, was a Scottish Unitarian minister at Failsworth, Lancashire but resigned his orders on conscientious grounds, moving his family to London in 1806 with intention of going to India after he had been named private secretary to the Earl of Lauderdale, who was to become Governor-General of India. This position did not materialise, and Stevenson was instead nominated Keeper of the Treasury Records. Stevenson's wife, Elizabeth Holland, came from a family from the English Midlands that was well connected with other Unitarian and prominent families like the Wedgwoods, the Turners and the Darwins, and when she died three months after giving birth to Gaskell she left a bewildered husband who saw no other alternative for young Elizabeth but to be sent away to live with her mother's sister Hannah Lumb, in Knutsford, Cheshire.[2]

While she was growing up Gaskell's future was very uncertain as she had no personal wealth and no firm home, even though she was a permanent guest at her aunt and grandparents' house. Her father had married again to Catherine Thomson in 1814 and the couple had a male heir, William (born 1815) and a daughter, Catherine (born 1816). Although Gaskell would sometimes spend several years without seeing her father and his new family, her older brother John would often visit her in Knutsford. John had early been destined for the Royal Navy, like his grandfathers and uncles, but he had no entry and had to go into the Merchant Navy with the East India Company's fleet.[3] John went missing in 1827 during an expedition to India.

Full article ▸

related documents
Agrippina the Elder
Thomas Francis, 1st Prince of Carignano
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell
Antoninus Pius
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Diane de Poitiers
Hugh Capet
Marie de' Medici
Felix Yusupov
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Louis XII of France
Alphonse Daudet
Akihito
Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Mary Tudor, Queen of France
Prince of Wales
Veronica Franco
Charlotte Brontë
Valeria Messalina
Peter III of Russia
Louis XIII of France
Mitford family
Augustus John
Duke of Norfolk
Duke of Devonshire
Eugénie de Montijo
Olav IV of Norway
Robert Frost
Lucrezia Borgia