Elkhorn, Nebraska

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Elkhorn was a city in Douglas County, Nebraska, United States and is a present-day neighborhood on the western edge of Omaha. The population was 6,062 at the 2000 census and was estimated by the Census Bureau at 8,192 in 2005. The area was named after the river of Elkhorn or Elk's Horn, of the Omaha tribe.[3]

Contents

Annexation

Elkhorn, founded in 1865 and platted in 1867, was a municipality until it was annexed by Omaha in 2005; nearly simultaneously, Elkhorn annexed several surrounding subdivisions in an attempt to bring the city's population above 10,000, which would have prevented a unilateral annexation by Omaha. On January 12, 2007, the Nebraska Supreme Court ruled in favor of Omaha, saying "…we conclude that Elkhorn ceased to exist as a separate municipality on March 24, 2005, the date that Omaha's annexation ordinance became effective."[4] The United States Supreme Court denied Elkhorn's request to hear the case on February 22, 2007.[5] Omaha Mayor Mike Fahey said he tried for years to work with Elkhorn, whereby they would not be annexed if they would do no further annexing of their own. It was not until after losing the first round in the courts that Elkhorn contacted Omaha, wanting to reach an agreement. Omaha, having already invested so much money, refused at this point and continued the annexation,[6] a type of flagpole annexation.

Elkhorn ceased to be an independent municipality on 1 March 2007.[7]

Geography

Elkhorn is located at 41°16′43″N 96°14′21″W / 41.27861°N 96.23917°W / 41.27861; -96.23917 (41.278642, -96.239294)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 9.8 km² (3.8 mi²). 9.7 km² (3.7 mi²) of it was land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.80%) was water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 6,062 people, 2,000 households, and 1,681 families residing in the city. The population density was 625.8/km² (1,619.4/mi²). There were 2,034 housing units at an average density of 210.0/km² (543.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.75% White, 0.13% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.

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