Elko County, Nevada

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Coordinates: 41.13°N 115.35°W / 41.13°N 115.35°W / 41.13; -115.35

Elko County is a county located in the western U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 45,291. As of July 1, 2007, the population of Elko County was estimated at 50,434.[1] Its county seat is Elko[2]. The county was organized on March 5, 1869, being taken from Eureka County. In area, Elko County is the fourth-largest county in the United States (though its ranking is lower if one includes the boroughs of Alaska).

Elko County is part of the Elko micropolitan area.



Elko County was created out of eastern Eureka County, Nevada in 1869. The general explanation credits railroad owner Charles Crocker with the naming of a railroad station after elk roaming in the area, and adding an "o" to form "Elko".


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 17,203 square miles (44,555.6 km2), of which 17,179 square miles (44,493.4 km2) is land and 24 square miles (62.2 km2) (0.14%) is water. Not counting Alaska's boroughs (four of which are also larger), it is the fourth largest county in area in the United States (cf. San Bernardino County, California, Coconino County, Arizona, and Nye County, Nevada).[dubious ] The elevation ranges from about 4,300 feet (1,300 m) at the edge of the salt flats of the Great Salt Lake Desert, to 11,157 feet (3,401 m) in the Ruby Mountains.

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