Elma, Washington

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Elma is a city in Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States. The population was 3,049 at the 2000 census.



Elma is located at 47°0′20″N 123°24′23″W / 47.00556°N 123.40639°W / 47.00556; -123.40639 (47.005648, -123.406268).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), all of it land.


The city of Elma was incorporated on March 22, 1888[1].


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,049 people, 1,195 households, and 764 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.6 people per square mile (700.7/km²). There were 1,330 housing units at an average density of 790.7/sq mi (305.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.98% White, 0.59% African American, 1.31% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 1.64% from other races, and 3.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.64% of the population.

There were 1,195 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,031, and the median income for a family was $36,638. Males had a median income of $38,929 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,629. About 13.9% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

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