Elmore County, Idaho

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Elmore County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2000 Census the county had a population of 29,130 (2008 estimate: 28,997)[1] The largest city and county seat is Mountain Home.[2]

Elmore County comprises the Mountain Home, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area.



Established February 7, 1889, with its county seat at Rocky Bar. Named for the Ida Elmore mines, the area's greatest silver and gold producer of the 1860s, located near Silver City in Owyhee County.[3][4]

The Oregon Trail crossed the Snake River in Elmore County, at Three Island Crossing near Glenns Ferry. A station on the overland stage route, originally named Rattlesnake, was moved west to the railroad line and became Mountain Home. On February 4, 1891, the county seat was moved to Mountain Home.[5]

Construction of what would become Mountain Home Air Force Base was begun in October 1942, 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Mountain Home. The base officially opened in August 1943 as a training base for bombers, and was an operational base under SAC through 1965. It became a fighter base in 1966 under TAC, now the Air Combat Command.

Anderson Ranch Dam, on the South Fork of the
Boise River, was completed in 1950.

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