Elsinboro Township, New Jersey

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Elsinboro is a Township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 1,092.

Elsinboro's first mention dates back to May 12, 1701, though it was also mentioned in records on November 28, 1676. The details and date of its original incorporation are unknown. The township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798 as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships.[5]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 13.3 square miles (34.5 km²), of which, 12.3 square miles (31.8 km²) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.7 km²) of it (7.95%) is water. The Salem River flows along a portion of the township's northern boundary, and Alloway Creek flows along its southern boundary.[6]

Elsinboro Township borders Pennsville Township, Salem, and Lower Alloways Creek Township. Elsinboro also borders the Delaware Bay.

History

Fort Nya Elfsborg was a settlement that was part of New Sweden.[7] Fort Nya Elfsborg was built shortly after Johan Printz, governor of New Sweden, arrived in the colony in 1643. Named after the old Älvsborg Fortress off shore from Gothenburg, Sweden, it was located on the Delaware River near Alloway Creek. Fort Nya Elfsborg was one of the earliest European settlements in the State of New Jersey. In 1655 Peter Stuyvesant, on behalf of the Dutch West India Company, re-asserted control over the region, which was later captured by the British in 1664. [8]

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