Emperor Go-Daigo

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Emperor Go-Daigo (後醍醐天皇 Go-Daigo-tennō) (November 26, 1288 – September 19, 1339) was the 96th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Post-Meiji historians construe Go-Daigo's reign to span 1318-1339; however, pre-Meiji accounts of his reign considered the years of his reign to encompass only between 1318-1332. Pre-Meiji scholars also considered Go-Daigō a pretender Emperor in the years from 1336 through 1339,[3]

This 14th century sovereign was named after the 9th century Emperor Daigo and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the 'Later Emperor Daigo'. The Japanese word 'go' has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as 'Daigo, the second,' or as 'Daigo II.'



Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina) was Takaharu-shinnō (尊治親王).[4]

He was the second son of the Daikakuji-tō emperor, Emperor Go-Uda. His mother was Fujiwara no Chūshi/Tadako (藤原忠子), daughter of Fujiwara no Tadatsugu (Itsutsuji Tadatsugu) (藤原忠継/五辻忠継). She became Nyoin called Dantenmon-in (談天門院).

Emperor Go-Daigo's ideal was the Engi era (901-923) during the reign of Emperor Daigo, a period of direct imperial rule. An emperor's posthumous name was normally chosen after his death, but Emperor Go-Daigo chose his personally during his lifetime, to share it with Emperor Daigo.

Consorts and children

Empress (Chūgū) : Saionji Kishi (西園寺禧子) (Go-Kyōgoku-in, 後京極院) (1303-1333), daughter of Saionji Sanekane (西園寺実兼)

  • princess (1314-?), died young
  • Imperial Princess Kanshi (懽子内親王) (Senseimon-in, 宣政門院) (1315-1362), Saiō at Ise Shrine; later, married to Emperor Kōgon

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