Emperor Junna

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Emperor Junna (淳和天皇 Junna-tennō?, 786 – 11 June 840) was the 53rd emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Junna reigned from 823 to 833.[3]

Contents

Traditional narrative

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina)[4] was Ōtomo shinnō (大伴親王).[5]

Junna had six Empresses and Imperial consorts and 13 Imperial sons and daughters.[6]

Events of Junna's life

After the rebellion of Emperor Heizei, he became the crown prince of Emperor Saga.

  • May 30, 823 (Kōnin 14, 17th day of the 4th month): In the 14th year of Emperor Saga's reign (嵯峨天皇14年), he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a his younger brother, Emperor Kammu's third son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Junna abdicated. After Junna stepped down from the throne, two former Emperors were alive. In this period, Saga was called the Senior Retired Emperor and Junna was known as the Junior Retired Emperor.[7]
  • June 11, 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month): Former-Emperor Juntoku died at the age of 55.[8]

The actual site of Junna's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Junna's mausoleum. It is formally named Ōharano no nishi no minenoe no misasagi.[9]

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