Emperor Juntoku

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Emperor Juntoku (順徳天皇 Juntoku-tennō?) (October 22, 1197 – October 7, 1242) was the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221.[1]



Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina)[2] was Morinari-shinnō (守成親王?).[3]

He was the third son of Emperor Go-Toba. His mother was Shigeko (重子), the daughter of Fujiwara Hanki (藤原範季)

  • Empress (chūgū): Kujō (Fujiwara) Ritsuko (?) (九条(藤原)立子)
    • Second daughter: Imperial Princess Taiko (?) (諦子内親王)
    • Fourth son: Imperial Prince Kanenari (懐成親王) (Emperor Emperor Chūkyō)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Daughter of Fujiwara Norimitsu (藤原範光)
    • Sixth son: Imperial Prince Zentō (善統親王)
    • Seventh son: Prince Hikonari (彦成王)
  • Consort: Daughter of Fujiwara Sayaki (藤原清季)
    • Fifth son: Prince Tadanari (忠成王)

Events of Juntoku's life

Morinari-shinnō became Crown Prince in 1200. He was elevated to the throne after Emperor Go-Toba pressured Emperor Tsuchimikado into abdicating.

  • 1210 (Jōgen 1, 25th day of the 11th month): In the 12th year of Tsuchimikado-tennō 's reign (土御門天皇12年), the emperor abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his younger brother, the second son of the former-Emperor Go-Toba. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Juntoku is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[4]

In actuality, Emperor Go-Toba wielded effective power as a cloistered emperor during the years of Juntoku's reign.

In 1221, he was forced to abdicate because of his participation in Go-Toba's unsuccessful attempt to displace the Kamakura bakufu with re-asserted Imperial power. This political and military struggle was called the Jōkyū War or the Jōkyū Incident (Jōkyū-no ran).

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