Emperor Toba

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Emperor Toba (鳥羽天皇 Toba-tennō?, February 24, 1103 – July 20, 1156) was the 74th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Toba's reign spanned the years from 1107 through 1123.[3]



Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina)[4] was Munehito-shinnō (宗仁親王).[5]

He was the son of Emperor Horikawa. His mother was Empress Dowager Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原苡子)

Toba had three Empresses, some consort ladys and 14 Imperial sons and daughters.[6]

  • 1101-1145 Second Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Shōshi/Tamako (藤原璋子), Empress Dowager Taiken (待賢門院), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Kinzane (藤原公実)
    • 1119-1164 Imperial Prince Akihito (顕仁親王), later Emperor Sutoku,
    • 1122-1133 Imperial Princess Kishi/Yoshiko (禧子内親王) - Western Palace
    • 1124-1129 Imperial Prince Michihito (通仁親王)
    • 1125-1143 Imperial Prince Kimihito (君仁親王)
    • 1126-1189 Imperial Princess Muneko (統子内親王) - Empress Dowager Zyōsai (上西門院)
    • 1127-1192 Imperial Prince Masahito (雅仁親王) - later Emperor Go-Shirakawa
    • 1129-1169 Imperial Prince Motohito? (本仁親王), later became a priest under the name Kakushō (覚性法親王)
  • 1095-1155 Empress (kōgō) Fujiwara no Taishi/Yasuko (藤原泰子), Kaya no In (高陽院), eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Tadazane (藤原忠実)
  • 1117-1160 Empress (kōgō) Fujiwara no Nariko (藤原得子), Empress Dowager Bifuku (美福門院), daughter of Fujiwara no Nagazane (藤原長実); mother of Emperor Konoe.[7]
    • 1135-1148 Imperial Princess Eishi/Toshiko (叡子内親王)
    • 1137-1211 Imperial Princess Akiko (暲子内親王)
    • 1139-1155 Imperial Prince Narihito (体仁親王), later Emperor Konoe
    • 1141-1176 Imperial Princess Shushi/Yoshiko (姝子内親王), empress (chūgū to Emperor Nijō)
  • Court Lady Ki no Ieko (紀家子), Lady of Mino (美濃局), daughter of Ki no Mitsukiyo? (紀光清)
    • 1132-1168 Prince Dōkei (道恵法親王) - Buddhist Priest
    • 1134-1181 Prince Kakukai (覚快法親王) - Buddhist Priest
    • 11??-1195 Aya Gozen (阿夜御前)
  • Lady of Sanjō (三条局), daughter of Fujiwara no Iemasa (藤原家政)
    • 11??-1161 Imperial Princess Kenshi? (妍子内親王) - Yoshida saigū (Imperial Princess serving at Ise Shrine)
  • Lady of Kasuga (春日局), daughter of Tokudaiji Saneyosi (徳大寺実能)
    • 1145-1208 Imperial Princess Shōshi/Nobuko (頌子内親王)
  • Lady of Fujitsubo (藤壺女御), daughter of Tachibana no Toshitsuna (橘俊綱)
    • Shin-yo? (真誉) - Buddhist Priestess
  • Lady of Tosa (土佐局), daughter of Minamoto no Mitsuyasu (源光保)
  • Daughter of Fujiwara no Sanehira (藤原実衡)
    • Takamatsunomiya (高松宮) (apparently no connection with Arisugawa-no-miya, which was originally named Takamatsu-no-miya)
  • Unknown
    • Prince Saichū? (最忠法親王) - Buddhist Priest
    • Imperial Prince Dōka? (道果親王)

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