Empress Jitō

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Empress Jitō (持統天皇 Jitō-tennō?, 645 – December 22, 702) was the 41st emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Jitō's reign spanned the years from 686 through 697.[3]

In the history of Japan, Jitō was the third of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The two female monarchs before Jitō were (a) Suiko and (b) Kōgyoku/Saimei. The five women sovereigns reigning after Jitō were (c) Gemmei, (d) Genshō, (e) Kōken/Shōtoku, (f) Meishō, and (g) Go-Sakuramachi.

Contents

Traditional narrative

Empress Jitō was the daughter of Emperor Tenji. Her mother was Ochi-no-Iratsume, the daughter of Minister Ō-omi Soga no Yamada-no Ishikawa Maro. She was the wife of Emperor Temmu, who was Tenji's brother – in other words, she married her uncle, and she also succeeded him on the throne.[4]

Empress Jitō's given name was Unonosarara or Unonosasara (鸕野讚良?), or alternately Uno.[5]

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