Endicott, New York

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Endicott is a village in Broome County, New York, United States. The population was 13,038 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Area. The village is named after Henry B. Endicott, a founding member of the Endicott Johnson Corporation shoe manufacturing company, who founded the community as the "'Home of the Square Deal'".

The Village of Endicott is in the Town of Union and is west of Binghamton, New York. The town is served by the Greater Binghamton Airport/Edwin A Link Field. It is part of the "Triple Cities", along with Binghamton and Johnson City.

Contents

History

The village of Endicott was originally made up of two distinct villages: "Union Village" (now the historic business district at the intersections of NYS Route 26 and NYS Route 17C), incorporated in 1892, and Endicott (whose center was along Washington Ave. and North St.), which was incorporated in 1906. Endicott and Union were merged into a single village in 1921, as the two villages had grown so much that there was no distinction between them.

The Endicott Johnson Corporation (EJ) grew out of the Lester Brothers Boot and Shoe Company which began in Binghamton in 1854. In 1890, the Lester Brothers moved their business west to a nearby rural area, which in 1892 was incorporated as the Village of Lestershire and in 1916 became Johnson City. Financial problems in 1890 forced the sale of the company to a creditor and fellow shoemaker, Brahmin Henry Bradford Endicott of Massachusetts, who founded the Endicott Shoe Company and in 1899 made factory foreman George F. Johnson his partner. The village of Endicott is named after Henry B. Endicott. Endicott grew and flourished due to massive numbers of immigrants who came to the area to work for EJ.

Endicott is best known as the "Birthplace of IBM".[1][2] The Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTRC), International Time Recording Company (ITR) and Bundy Time Recording all merged and were incorporated as the newly established International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) in 1924. The original Bundy building was erected on North Street in 1906 and stands to this day. Many of the IBM factory buildings, including Factory #1 and the IBM Schoolhouse, still stand to this day. Endicott was the original location of all research and development from the early 1900s through World War II.

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