English orthography

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{language, word, form}
{company, market, business}
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{work, book, publish}
{car, race, vehicle}
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{ship, engine, design}
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English orthography is the alphabetic spelling system used by the English language. English orthography, like other alphabetic orthographies, uses a set of habits to represent speech sounds in writing. In most other languages, these habits are regular enough so that they may be called rules. In standard English spelling, however, nearly every sound is spelled in more than one way, and most spellings and all letters can be pronounced in more than one way and often in many different ways. This is partly due to the complex history of the English language,[1] but mainly due to the fact that no systematic spelling reform has been implemented in English, contrary to the situation in most other languages.

English spelling is mainly based on how the language was pronounced in the 15th century. Especially the pronunciation of long vowels and diphthongs has completely changed since then.[2]

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