Enola Gay

related topics
{ship, engine, design}
{service, military, aircraft}
{day, year, event}
{war, force, army}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{son, year, death}
{theory, work, human}
{math, energy, light}
{build, building, house}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Enola Gay is a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber, named after Enola Gay Tibbets, mother of pilot Paul Tibbets.[2] On 6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb as a weapon of war. The bomb, code-named "Little Boy", was targeted at the city of Hiroshima, Japan, and caused extensive destruction.

The Enola Gay gained additional national attention in 1995 when the cockpit and nose section of the aircraft was exhibited at the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) of the Smithsonian Institution in downtown Washington, D.C. The exhibit was changed due to a controversy over original historical script displayed with the aircraft. In 2003, the entire restored B-29 went on display at NASM's new Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Contents

World War II

The Enola Gay (B-29-45-MO, serial number 44-86292, victor number 82) was assigned to the USAAF's 393d Bombardment Squadron, Heavy, 509th Composite Group.[3] The bomber was one of 15 B-29s with the "Silverplate" modifications necessary to deliver atomic weapons, which included an extensively modified bomb bay and the deletion of protective armor and gun turrets. The aircraft was built by the Glenn L. Martin Company (now Lockheed Martin) at its Bellevue, Nebraska, plant, at what is now known as Offutt Air Force Base. Enola Gay was personally selected by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., commander of the 509th Composite Group, on 9 May 1945, while still on the assembly line.[4]

The aircraft was accepted by the USAAF on 18 May 1945, and assigned to Crew B-9 (Captain Robert A. Lewis, aircraft commander), who flew the bomber from Omaha to the 509th's base at Wendover Army Air Field, Utah on 14 June 1945. Thirteen days later, the aircraft left Wendover for Guam, where it received a bomb bay modification and flew to Tinian on 6 July. It was originally given the victor number "12," but on 1 August was given the circle R tail markings of the 6th Bomb Group as a security measure and had its victor changed to "82" to avoid misidentification with actual 6th BG aircraft. During July of that year, after the bomber flew eight training missions and two combat missions to drop pumpkin bombs on industrial targets at Kobe and Nagoya, Enola Gay was used on 31 July on a rehearsal flight for the actual mission. Along with two containers that housed the "Little Boy" and "Fat Man" atomic bombs ([N 2]) welded to the deck of the USS Indianapolis, a "dummy" "Little Boy" assembly was dropped off at Tinian on 26 July 1945.[6]

Full article ▸

related documents
Operation Argus
V bomber
Marine engineering
USS Oregon (BB-3)
USS Stark (FFG-31)
Yuri Gagarin
NR-1 Deep Submergence Craft
HH-65 Dolphin
Space Shuttle Atlantis
RQ-7 Shadow
USS Patrick Henry (SSBN-599)
Space Shuttle Endeavour
Royal Norwegian Navy
Space Shuttle Challenger
Aerobatics
SS Eastland
Francis Gary Powers
Ship commissioning
Soviet aircraft carrier Varyag
Great White Fleet
Albert David
Project Vanguard
Peenemünde
USS Holland (SS-1)
Ship-Submarine Recycling Program
Soviet submarine K-77
Military of Paraguay
USS Barbero (SS-317)
Operations research
Artem Mikoyan