Enver Hoxha

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Enver Halil Hoxha (pronounced [ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa]( listen); 16 October 1908  – 11 April 1985) was the leader of Albania from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania. He also served as Prime Minister of Albania from 1944 to 1954, Minister of Defense from 1944 to 1953, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1946 to 1953, Chairman of the Democratic Front from 1945 to his death, and as Commander-in-Chief of the Albanian armed forces from 1944 to his death.

Hoxha's leadership was characterized by his proclaimed firm adherence to anti-revisionist Marxism-Leninism from the mid 1970s onwards. After his break with Maoism in the 1976–1978 period, numerous Maoist parties declared themselves Hoxhaist. The International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (Unity & Struggle) is the most well known collection of these parties today.


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