Eric S. Raymond

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Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is a computer programmer, author and open source software advocate. His name became known within the hacker culture when he picked up maintenance of the "Jargon File" in 1990. After the 1997 publication of "The Cathedral and the Bazaar", Raymond became, for a number of years, an unofficial spokesman of the open source movement.[2]



Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1957, Raymond lived in Venezuela before settling in Pennsylvania in 1971.[3] Raymond says his congenital cerebral palsy motivated him to chase a future in computing;[4] his involvement with hacker culture began in 1976, and he contributed to his first free and open source software project in the late 1980s.[citation needed] His primary contributions to open source software have been maintaining the fetchmail mail retrieval agent for a certain time, and gpsd. Other contributions have included Emacs editing modes and portions of libraries like GNU ncurses, giflib/libungif, and libpng;[citation needed] he also contributes code and content to The Battle for Wesnoth.[5] He also wrote CML2, a source code configuration system; while originally intended for the Linux kernel, it was rejected by kernel developers.[6] Raymond attributed this rejection to "kernel list politics".[7]

Raymond is the author of a number of How-to documents and FAQs, many of which are included in the Linux Documentation Project corpus.[8] Raymond's 2003 book The Art of Unix Programming covers Unix history and culture, and modern user tools available for programming and accomplishing tasks in Unix. Raymond has also been the editor of the Jargon File since he adopted it in 1990. Raymond has been the author of the included guide document for NetHack for several versions.[9]

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