Esmeralda County, Nevada

related topics
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}
{area, part, region}
{build, building, house}
{land, century, early}
{school, student, university}
{day, year, event}

Esmeralda County is a county in the west of U.S. state of Nevada. Its county seat is Goldfield.[2] Its 2000 census population was officially 971, making its population density 0.1045 inhabitants/kmĀ² (0.2706/sq mi), the second-lowest (to Loving County, Texas) of any county-equivalent outside of Alaska. As of 2009, the population had decreased to 626 people.[3] Its school district has no high school.

Contents

History

Esmeralda County is one of the original counties in Nevada, established in 1861. Esmeralda is the Spanish and Portuguese word for "emerald". An early Nevada miner, J. M. Corey, named the Esmeralda Mining District. It is believed that Corey named the district after the gypsy dancer, Esmeralda, from Victor Hugo's novel, The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Esmeralda has had three county seats: Aurora until 1883, Hawthorne from 1883 to 1907 and finally Goldfield. At one point, due to the disputed border with California, Aurora was simultaneously the county seat of both Mono County, California and Esmeralda County, Nevada. Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) wrote about his time as a miner in the Esmeralda District in his book Roughing It.

Esmeralda grew from a gold mining boom in the first years of the 20th century. The mines were largely tapped out by the end of the 1910s and the economy and population declined afterwards.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,589 square miles (9,295.5 km2), virtually all of which is land. A very small part of Death Valley National Park lies in its southeast corner.

Full article ▸

related documents
Sunflower County, Mississippi
Queen Anne's County, Maryland
Fentress County, Tennessee
Essex County, Vermont
Echols County, Georgia
Giles County, Virginia
Weber County, Utah
Columbiana County, Ohio
Henry County, Illinois
Coconino County, Arizona
Humboldt County, Nevada
Inyo County, California
Chester County, Tennessee
Towns County, Georgia
Tom Green County, Texas
Montgomery County, Alabama
Licking County, Ohio
Lucas County, Ohio
Union County, Arkansas
Bland County, Virginia
Fauquier County, Virginia
Madison County, Ohio
Columbia County, New York
Currituck County, North Carolina
Coweta County, Georgia
Wright County, Iowa
Laurens County, South Carolina
Geauga County, Ohio
Brown County, Illinois
Coshocton County, Ohio