Essex, New York

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Essex is a town in Essex County, New York, United States overlooking Lake Champlain. The population was 713 at the 2000 census. The town is named after locations in England.

The Town of Essex is on the eastern edge of the county. It is 17 miles (27 km) south-southwest of Burlington, VT which is on the other shore of Lake Champlain, 29 miles (47 km) south of Plattsburgh, 86 miles (139 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 113 miles (182 km) north of Albany, NY.[1] Essex is inside the Adirondack Park.

Contents

History

Essex was part of a land grant made to Louis Joseph Robart by French King Louis XV. The land grant was lost after the British took over the region after 1763.

The region was first settled around 1765 with the intention of forming a baronial estate like those of the lower Hudson River for landowner and investor, William Gilliland.

The town was formed from a part of the Town of Willsboro in 1805. It was an important shipbuilding location and port, but that economy collapsed after 1849 with the beginning of railroad lines in the region.

The Essex Village Historic District, the Essex County Home and Farm, and the Foothills Baptist Church are listed with the National Register of Historic Places.[2][3][4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.6 square miles (97.3 km²), of which, 31.7 square miles (82.1 km²) of it is land and 5.9 square miles (15.2 km²) of it (15.62%) is water.

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