Essex, Vermont

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Essex is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 18,626 at the 2000 census.

By population, Essex is the largest town in Vermont, and the second-largest municipality (after Burlington).



Essex comprises three Vermont Legislature voting districts (seats): Chittenden District 6-2, is also the Village of Essex Junction (a semi independent village within the town), and Chittenden Districts 6-1 & 6-3 together comprise the town outside the village. The Town and Village each operate their own fire department, library, parks department, and municipal services, and contain separate school districts for grades K–8. Both governments operate a unified police department, and the unified Essex High School.


According to the United States Census Bureau,[3] the town has a total area of 39.32 square miles (101.8 km2), of which, 39.01 square miles (101.0 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2) (0.79%) is water.

The village of Essex Junction is located in the southwestern part of the town.[4]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 18,626 people, 7,013 households, and 5,014 families residing in the town. The population density was 477.5 people per square mile (184.4/km2). There were 7,170 housing units at an average density of 183.8 per square mile (71.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.37% White, 0.88% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

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