Essex County, Massachusetts

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Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of 2008, the population was 736,457. It has two traditional county seats: Salem and Lawrence.[1] Its county government was abolished in 1999, though it continues to exist as a historic geographic area.



The county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires". Essex initially contained Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester, and Andover.[2]

Essex County is famous as the area that Elbridge Gerry districted into a salamander-like shape in 1812 that gave rise to the word gerrymandering.

Law and government

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