Estelline, Texas

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{town, population, incorporate}
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Estelline is a town in Hall County, Texas, United States. The population was 168 at the 2000 census. A July 1, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the population at 155.[3]

Contents

Geography

Estelline is located at 34°32′46″N 100°26′14″W / 34.54611°N 100.43722°W / 34.54611; -100.43722 (34.546062, -100.437212)[4]. It is situated at the junction of U.S. Highway 287 and State Highway 87 in east central Hall County, approximately 14 miles southeast of Memphis and 15 miles northwest of Childress.[5] The nearest major city is Amarillo, located 102 miles northwest of Estelline.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²), all of it land.

History

The community was established in 1892 by brothers Elam and Math Wright. It was named after Estelle de Shields, the daughter of an early settler. The area was originally part of the Diamond Tail Ranch. With the arrival of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway, Estelline became a shipping point for cattle driven in from Paducah and Silverton.[5] A post office opened in May 1892. One of the earliest businesses in the community was the Estelline Supply Company. In 1896, the Mill Iron Ranch purchased the Estelline Supply Company and established a large store and lumberyard with R.L. Biggerstaff as its manager. He established a bank in 1898, which became Estelline State Bank in 1905. A two-story school was erected in 1909. Estelline citizens voted to incorporate in 1912, when the population exceeded 1,000.[7] During the 1920s, a permanent brick schoolhouse was built, and several nearby communities – Newlin, Parnell, and Tell – began sending their students to Estelline.[6] A branch of the railroad was built from Estelline to Plainview in 1927. The onset of the Great Depression severely impacted the town. By 1940, the population had fallen to just over 600. That same year, several businesses were destroyed by fire. Estelline's importance as a railroad junction town declined as subsequent improvements were made to area roads. There were 258 people living in the town in 1980. The Estelline Independent School District was declared dormant in 1987 and students were sent to Memphis schools.[8] Estelline was home to 194 residents in 1990 and 168 in 2000.[7]

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