Ethics

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Ethics, also known as moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality—that is, concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice, etc.

Major branches of ethics include:

  • Meta-ethics, about the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions and how their truth-values (if any) may be determined;
  • Normative ethics, about the practical means of determining a moral course of action;
  • Applied ethics, about how moral outcomes can be achieved in specific situations;
  • Moral psychology, about how moral capacity or moral agency develops and what its nature is; and
  • Descriptive ethics, about what moral values people actually abide by.

Within each of these branches are many different schools of thought and still further sub-fields of study.

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