Ethylene

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−169.2 °C (104.0 K, -272.6 °F)

−103.7 °C (169.5 K, -154.7 °F)

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a gaseous organic compound with the formula C2H4. It is the simplest alkene (older name: olefin from its oil-forming property). Because it contains a carbon-carbon double bond, ethylene is classified as an unsaturated hydrocarbon. Ethylene is widely used in industry and is also a plant hormone.[2] Ethylene is the most produced organic compound in the world; global production of ethylene exceeded 107 million tonnes in 2005.[3] To meet the ever increasing demand for ethylene, sharp increases in production facilities have been added globally, particularly in the Persian Gulf countries.

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