Eureka Stockade

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The Eureka Rebellion of 1854 was an organised rebellion by gold miners which occurred at Eureka Lead in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. The Battle of Eureka Stockade (by which the rebellion is popularly known) was fought on 3 December 1854 and named for the stockade structure erected by miners during the conflict. Resulting in the deaths of 28 people (including 6 soldiers) it was the most significant conflict in the colonial history of Victoria and remains the only armed rebellion in the History of Australia. The rebellion and its flag, the Eureka Flag have become powerful symbols of a major turning point in Australian politics.[citation needed]

The event was the culmination of civil disobedience in the Ballarat region during the Victorian gold rush with miners objecting to heavily priced mining items, the expense of a Miner's Licence, taxation (via the licence) without representation and the actions of the government and its agents (the police and military)[1][2] The local rebellion in Ballarat grew from a Ballarat Reform League movement and culminated in organised battle at the stockades against colonial forces.

Mass public support for the captured 'rebels' in the colony's capital of Melbourne when they were placed on trial resulted in the introduction of full male suffrage for elections for the lower house in the Victorian parliament.[3] The Eureka Rebellion is controversially identified with the birth of democracy in Australia and interpreted by some as a political revolt.[4][5][6]


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