European Community

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European Communities
European Coal and Steel Community
European Economic Community
European Atomic Energy Community
European Community
Justice and Home Affairs
Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar

The European Economic Community (EEC) (also known as the Common Market in the English-speaking world, renamed the European Community (EC) in 1993[1]) was an international organisation created with a view to bring about economic integration (including a single market) among the Inner Six of European integration; the Western European countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

The EEC was created by the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome) of 1957. It gained a common set of institutions along with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) (collectively, the European Communities) under the 1965 Merger Treaty (Treaty of Brussels). With the entry into force of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993, the organisation changed its name from the European Economic Community to the European Community (reflecting the more comprehensive nature of European integration), and was along with the aforementioned European Communities made to comprise the first of the three pillars of the new European Union (EU). The entire pillar division, and the EC along with it, were abolished upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009. The legal personality of the EC was at this point transferred to the EU as a whole, a change in line with the Lisbon Treaty's wider aim of consolidating the legal nature of the Union.


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