European Community

related topics
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{law, state, case}
{@card@, make, design}

Flag

European Communities
(1958-2009)
European Coal and Steel Community
(1952-2002)
European Economic Community
(1958-1993)
European Atomic Energy Community
(1958-present)
European Community
(1993-2009)
Justice and Home Affairs
(1993-2003)
Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
(2003-2009)
Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar
(1993-2009)

The European Economic Community (EEC) (also known as the Common Market in the English-speaking world, renamed the European Community (EC) in 1993[1]) was an international organisation created with a view to bring about economic integration (including a single market) among the Inner Six of European integration; the Western European countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

The EEC was created by the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome) of 1957. It gained a common set of institutions along with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) (collectively, the European Communities) under the 1965 Merger Treaty (Treaty of Brussels). With the entry into force of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993, the organisation changed its name from the European Economic Community to the European Community (reflecting the more comprehensive nature of European integration), and was along with the aforementioned European Communities made to comprise the first of the three pillars of the new European Union (EU). The entire pillar division, and the EC along with it, were abolished upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009. The legal personality of the EC was at this point transferred to the EU as a whole, a change in line with the Lisbon Treaty's wider aim of consolidating the legal nature of the Union.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Canadian Confederation
House of Commons of Southern Ireland
Politics of Panama
Natasha Stott Despoja
Holy See
Politics of Colombia
Francesco Cossiga
Politics of Laos
United States presidential election, 1796
Politics of Angola
Politics of Rwanda
Politics of Lebanon
Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Katsura Tarō
Foreign relations of Costa Rica
Electoral reform
Politics of Guinea-Bissau
Politics of the Republic of Macedonia
United States presidential election, 1792
United States presidential election, 1868
Politics of Guinea
United States presidential election, 1884
Politics of Niger
Foreign relations of Zimbabwe
President
John Nance Garner
German reunification
United States presidential election, 1908
Politics of the Falkland Islands
Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union