European exploration of Australia

related topics
{land, century, early}
{island, water, area}
{theory, work, human}
{country, population, people}
{work, book, publish}
{church, century, christian}

The European exploration of Australia encompasses several waves of seafarers and land explorers. Although Australia is often loosely said to have been discovered by Royal Navy Lieutenant (later Captain) James Cook in 1770, he was merely one of a number of European explorers to have sighted and landed on the continent prior to English settlement, and he did so 164 years after the first such documented encounter. Nor did the exploration of Australia end with Cook; explorers by land and sea continued to survey the continent for many years after settlement.


Early European sightings

The first documented and undisputed European sighting of and landing on Australia was in March 1606, by the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon aboard the Duyfken.[1][2][3] It is possible that Luís Vaz de Torres, working for the Spanish Crown, sighted Australia when he sailed through the Torres Strait several months later, in October 1606.[4]

Occasional claims have been made in support of earlier encounters, particularly for various Portuguese explorations. Evidence put forward in favour of this theory, particularly by Kenneth McIntyre,[5] is primarily based on interpretation of features of the Dieppe Maps. However, this interpretation is not accepted by most historians.[6]

Full article ▸

related documents
Miami tribe
Roanoke Island
British colonization of the Americas
Nippenose Township, Pennsylvania
Chumash people
St. Martinville, Louisiana
Duboistown, Pennsylvania
Francisco de Orellana
History of the Bahamas
Henry Hudson
Jean Lafitte
Wyoming, Ohio
Little Chute, Wisconsin
Burke County, North Carolina
Ashe County, North Carolina
Sandwich, Kent
Clark County, Kentucky
Camden County, Georgia
Juan Ponce de León
Warren, Rhode Island
History of Saint Lucia
Cotton gin
Montgomery County, Arkansas