Fairfield, New York

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Fairfield is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 1,607 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Fairfield, Connecticut.

The Town of Fairfield is north of the Village of Herkimer and east of Utica. The community of Fairfield is in the south central part of the town.

Contents

History

A few settlers, actually tenants, made the future town their home before the American Revolution, but the major influx occurred after 1785, mainly from New England.

The town was established from part of the Town of Norway in 1796.

From 1802 to 1901, the Fairfield Academy offered secondary and higher education at its campus in the hamlet of Fairfield. From 1812 until 1841, the Fairfield Medical College, a division of the academy, trained medical practitioners, including Marcus Whitman.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km²), of which, 41.1 square miles (106.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.

The west town line is marked by the West Canada Creek. Fairfield is north of the Mohawk River, but does not border it.

New York State Route 29, an east-west highway crosses Fairfield. New York State Route 169 is a north-south highway in the western part of the town. New York State Route 170 is another north-south highway, but in the eastern part of Fairfield. New York State Route 170A is at the east town line.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,607 people, 561 households, and 430 families residing in the town. The population density was 39.1 people per square mile (15.1/km²). There were 611 housing units at an average density of 14.9/sq mi (5.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.37% African American, 0.19% Native American, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.

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