Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey

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Fairfield Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 6,283.

Fairfield Township was formed on May 12, 1697, from portions of the Cohansey Township area, while still part of Salem County, and was formed as a precinct in the newly-created Cumberland County on January 19, 1748. It was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Downe Township (September 26, 1772), Millville Township (February 24, 1801) and Lawrence Township (February 17, 1885).[7]

Fairton is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Fairfield Township.

The name Fairfield refers to its original settlers, all of them émigrés from Fairfield, Connecticut. The oldest Presbyterian church in South Jersey is said to date from before 1697. There is a plaque and an old cemetery which indicates the original log building.[8]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 43.8 square miles (113.4 km²), of which, 42.3 square miles (109.5 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²) of it (3.45%) is water.

Fairfield has three primary population centers: Sea Breeze, Fairton (originally named Bumbridge) and Gouldtown, an old African American community from the segregation period.[8]

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