Fall River Mills, California

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Fall River Mills (or Fall City) is an unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP) in Shasta County, California, United States. The population was 648 at the 2000 census.

The community is known for its agriculture and its recreation. Being home to the production of cattle, wild rice, garlic, mint, hay, lavender and alfalfa.

Recreation includes a World Class Golf Course, Mountain Climbing, Spelunking, Fly Fishing, Hunting including big game and waterfowl, Canoeing, Cycling, White Water Rafting, Artists Galleries, Equestrian and Rodeo Events.[1]

There are rumors that Fall River Mills and nearby McArthur would merge and incorporate into one city, they would most likely incorporate with 2,295 people.[citation needed]

Contents

History

Fall River Mills was first occupied by the Native Americans of the Achomawi (Pit River) Tribe. Although the Fall River valley had been known to settlers for a number of years, no attempt was made toward its settlement until 1855. In that year two men, by the name of Mr Bowles and Mr Rogers, came into the valley from Yreka, bringing with them teams of oxen and wagons loaded with mill machinery, which they unloaded at the upper falls of Fall River, and immediately went to work milling timbers in order to build the valley its first mill.

Shortly after, brothers Samuel and Henry Lockhart emigrated to the Fall River Valley and started the first ferry service across the Pit River. This assisted in making a link in the first wagon road from Yreka to Red Bluff. The Lockhart Ferry crossed below the confluence of the Fall and Pit Rivers, just south of where the town is currently located. During the winter of 1855-56, while Sam Lockhart and other settlers had gone from the valley for provisions, local native Americans came into the area and finding only Mr Bowles, Jim Lockhart and Mr Rogers left, made an attack on them, driving them from their homes to the top of Fall River butte, where the three men were massacred, winding up their work by burning their dwellings and destroying all the machinery intended for the mill. A company of 25-30 men was formed and returned to the valley to ascertain the fate of those who had attempted to settle for the winter. On entering the valley they found Sam Lockhart, who had returned before them and was besieged by Natives in a rock fortification which he had hastily constructed as his only means of cover. He had been there successfully fighting for five days, and was nearly famished for want of water, not daring to leave his stronghold to get a drink.

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