Falmouth, Maine

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Falmouth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 10,310 at the 2000 census. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.

This northern suburb of Portland borders Casco Bay and offers one of the largest anchorages in Maine. The town is home to three private golf clubs and the Portland Yacht Club.



It was first settled at Mackworth Island as early as 1632 by Arthur Mackworth, who soon afterwards obtained a grant of 500 acres (2 km2) from Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the Lord Proprietor of Maine. In 1658, Falmouth was recognized as the province's 7th town, which then encompassed the present day cities of Portland, South Portland, Westbrook and Cape Elizabeth. Incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court on November 12, 1718, it was named for Falmouth in Cornwall, England. [1]

In 1700, a palisaded fort and trading post were built at what was called New Casco on the eastern side of the mouth of the Presumpscot River. It replaced Old Casco on Falmouth Neck (Portland), which had been destroyed by the Indians in 1690 during King William's War. Governor Joseph Dudley on June 20, 1703 held a conference at the fort with representatives of the Abenaki tribes, who promised to keep the peace during Queen Anne's War. In August, Indian chiefs Moxus, Wanungonet and Assacombuit approached the fort with a flag of truce, asking to speak with its commanding officer, Major John March. Suspicious of a ruse, he refused, but then agreed to meet them. As he and his guards approached the sachems, they raised hatchets from under their robes to strike him, but March grabbed one of the hatchets and fought back. With assistance from other soldiers, he escaped into the stockade. [1]

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