Fangorn

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Fangorn (Sindarin: [Fangaorne]; "Beardtree") in J.R.R. Tolkien's Legendarium, is a forest located in the fictional world of Middle-earth and is the home of the tree shepherds, the Ents. It is named after the oldest Ent, Treebeard or Treebeard after it. Tolkien does however state there is confusion about the two. The Forest of Fangorn provides an important role in The Lord of the Rings novel as do Mirkwood, Doriath and Lothlórien in the Third Age, a time where Sauron challenged Middle-earth to battle and domination. The forest provides the means by where adventure expands with the breaking up of the Fellowship. Merry Brandybuck and Pippin Took are the first to discover the Ents are alive but are dwindling in numbers due to the loss of the Entwives. They were lost because of the events of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men. The forest was again damaged severely during the War of the Ring by the forces of Saruman who lived close by in the fortress of Isengard.

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Etymology

"Fangorn" was the original name for the Ent Treebeard, who was the eldest of his species who looked after vast areas of his home and the surrounding land which was named Fangorn Forest. Additionally Fangorn translates in the fictional language of Sindarin from "fanga" meaning "beard" and "orne" meaning "tree". Sindarin is a language Tolkien created and described the Elves of Middle-earth to possess; who "awoke" the Ents into moving lifeforms. In other parts of Middle-earth Fangorn Forest was called the "Entwood" by the Rohirrim.

Fangorn Forest apparently had several names as told by Treebeard who referred to the forest by several Quenya names in Lord of the Rings, some of which were Ambaróna, Tauremornalómë, Tauremorna and Aldalómë. "Ambaróna" means "uprising, sunrise, orient" from "amba" meaning "upwards" and "róna" meaning "east". "Aldalómë" means "tree twilight" from "alda" meaning "tree" and "lómë" meaning "dusk, twilight".[1] "Tauremorna" means "gloomy forest" from "taur" meaning "forest" and "morna" meaning "gloomy, somber".[1] "Tauremornalómë" means "gloomy twilight forest".[2]

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