Fencing

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{game, team, player}
{theory, work, human}
{ship, engine, design}
{law, state, case}
{school, student, university}
{war, force, army}
{system, computer, user}
{language, word, form}
{day, year, event}
{country, population, people}
{god, call, give}
{rate, high, increase}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{food, make, wine}
{woman, child, man}
{group, member, jewish}
{town, population, incorporate}

Fencing, which is also known as modern fencing to disambiguate it from styles of historical fencing, is a family of combat sports using bladed weapons.

Fencing is one of the four sports which have been featured at every one of the modern Olympic Games. Currently, three types of weapon are used in Olympic fencing:

  • Foil — a light thrusting weapon with a valid target area that is restricted to the torso, including the back, but not the arms. Hits are scored only with the tip; hits with the side of the blade of the weapon are disregarded. Only a single hit can be scored by either fencer at one time. If both fencers hit at the same time, the referee must use the rules of "right of way" to determine which fencer gets the touch.
  • Sabre — a light cutting and thrusting weapon that uses a valid target area of everything above the waist, except for the hands. The sabre is primarily used to slash, so hits with the side of the blade as well as the tip are scored as valid. Like the foil, this weapon follows the rules of "right of way", and only one fencer can score a hit at a time.
  • Épée — a heavy thrusting weapon, with a valid target area of the entire body, head to toe. Like the foil, all hits must be scored with the tip, and not the sides of the blade. Unlike either sabre or foil, epee allows simultaneous hits to be scored by both fencers at the same time. There is no "right of way" in épée.

Modern fencing originates in the 19th century, as a direct continuation of the 18th century French school of fencing which had in turn been influenced by the Italian school of the Renaissance.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Disc golf
Judo
Muay Thai
Hapkido
Bikini
Archery
Movable type
Knitting
Corset
Papermaking
Casting
Sword
Knife
Inkjet printer
Pankration
Sewing machine
Wing Chun
Fishing rod
Typewriter
List of counties in Alabama
Tattoo
Glasses
Coins of the pound sterling
Laser printer
Window
Snowshoe
Yo-yo
Kilt
Wood
List of counties in Florida