Fernando Collor de Mello

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Rosane Malta
Caroline Medeiros (current)

Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔlɔʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; born August 2, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned as his trial for corruption was about to begin and in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment by the Brazilian Senate. Collor was the first president directly elected by the People after the end of the Brazilian military government.

After his resignation from the presidency, the impeachment trial continued and Collor was found guilty by the Senate and sentenced to disqualification from holding elected office for eight years (1992–2000).

Collor was later acquitted of ordinary criminal charges in his judicial trial before Brazil's Supreme Federal Tribunal, for lack of valid evidence. After the end of his period of disqualification, Collor was elected a Senator of the Republic in the 2006 general elections and began his term in February 2007.

Fernando Collor was born in a political family. He is the son of the former Senator Arnon Affonso de Farias Mello and Leda Collor de Mello (daughter of former Labour Minister Lindolfo Collor), led by his father, former governor of Alagoas and proprietor of the Arnon de Mello Organization, the branch of Rede Globo in the state.


Early career

Collor became the president of Brazilian football club Centro Sportivo Alagoano (CSA) in 1976. After entering politics, he was successively elected mayor of Alagoas' capital Maceió in 1979 (National Renewal Alliance Party), a federal deputy (Democratic Social Party) in 1982, and eventually governor of the small Northeastern state of Alagoas (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party) in 1986.

During his term as governor, he attracted a lot of publicity by allegedly fighting the payment of super-salaries to public servants, whom he labeled marajás (maharajas)[3] (likening them to the former princes of India who received a stipend from the government as compensation for relinquishing their lands). The efficacy of his policies in reducing public expense is disputed, but it certainly made him popular over the country.[4] This helped boost his political career, with the help of television appearances in nationwide broadcasts (quite unusual for a governor from such a small state).

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