Ferris, Texas

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Ferris is a city in Dallas and Ellis Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,175 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Ferris is located at 32°32′7″N 96°40′1″W / 32.53528°N 96.66694°W / 32.53528; -96.66694 (32.535144, −96.667038)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²), all of it land. Most of the city lies within Ellis County, with only a small portion in Dallas County.

History

Settlement of the area began in the early 1870s. On September 28, 1874, a local family deeded approximately 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land to four trustees for the establishment of a town and railway station.[4] Judge Justus Wesley Ferris of Waxahachie handled the transaction and the community was named for him. Within ten years, Ferris had a population of 300 with a post office, gristmills, cotton gins, four churches, and a school.[5]

On September 18, 1882, an election was held to incorporate the community. A total of 47 votes were cast – 34 (72%) in favor of incorporation and 13 (28%) against.[4] The results were verified by the Ellis County Judge on September 30 and Ferris officially became a town. By 1900, the town was home to 904 residents. In 1910, that number had increased to 1,233 residents.[5]

Fifty businesses, including six brick plants that benefitted from the area's mineral rich soil, were operating in 1914. The population rose to 1,586 by 1925 but declined during the 1930s and 1940s as a result of the Great Depression and World War II.[6]

Ferris thrived during the early post-war years. Four brick plants operated during the 1950s and was known locally as the "Brick Capital of the Nation".[5] Ferris also has a second nickname – "The City that Bricked the World" – which is still commonly used to date. In 1952, the population had risen to 1,734 and 1,807 by 1964. The Ferris Annual Brick Festival is held every year at the end of April.[6]

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