Fertile, Minnesota

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Fertile is a city in Polk County, Minnesota, United States. It is part of the "Grand Forks-ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area". The population was 893 at the 2000 census.

The annual Polk County Fair is held in Fertile and dates back to 1900.



The city was originally built along the Sandhill River for a mill. There was a brick-making factory at the edge of the city that ran for many years and supplied building materials for the growing town. The city was also a center of agriculture and farmers brought their crops to the elevator for shipment around the state. In recent years, the community built a nine-hole golf course that runs along the Sandhill River across the road from the old brick-making factory.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land. The area east, south, and southwest of Fertile are hilly while the areas to the north and west of Fertile are very flat and good for agriculture. Minnesota Highway 32 and Minnesota Highway 102 are two of the main routes in the community.

The city has a climate typical of a humid continental climate, with long, cold winters and warm, humid summers. The town averages 24 inches (610 mm) of rain and roughly 45 inches (1,100 mm) of snow each year. The record low is −46 °F (−43 °C) and the record high is 105 °F (41 °C). Because Fertile is located near the geographic center of North America, the area can experience many types of weather.


The city has a sandy soil, which makes the area immediately around Fertile poor farming land as the soil dries out very easily.[citation needed] In the areas east and west of the immediate area, however, are prime for corn, soybeans, wheat, sunflowers, oats, barley, sugar beets (to the west of Fertile), berries, hay, potatoes, vegetables, and much more. Livestock used to be a big area of agriculture for Fertile. The remaining livestock production is mainly beef cattle, with a few dairy farms here and there.

Although not directly related to farming, another big thing in the Fertile area is hunting and fishing. The area is great for deer, waterfowl, small game and pheasant hunting as well as multiple types of fishing.


The Fertile-Beltrami Public School is located in Fertile at the intersection of Mill Street and Jefferson Avenue. The school is a K-12 grade building shared by the community of Fertile and the smaller community of Beltrami which is located approximately 11 miles to the west.

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