
related topics 
{work, book, publish} 
{son, year, death} 
{government, party, election} 
{day, year, event} 
{math, number, function} 
{theory, work, human} 
{game, team, player} 
{math, energy, light} 
{war, force, army} 
{ship, engine, design} 
{film, series, show} 

The Fields Medal, officially known as International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics, is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place every four years. The colloquial name is in honour of Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields, because of the contribution of his estate to the continuation of the prize^{[1]}. The Fields Medal is often viewed as the top honor a mathematician under 40 can receive.^{[2]}^{[3]} It comes with a monetary award, which since 2006 is C$15,000.^{[4]}^{[5]} Founded at the behest of Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields,^{[6]} the medal was first awarded in 1936, to Finnish mathematician Lars Ahlfors and American mathematician Jesse Douglas, and has been awarded every four years since 1950. Its purpose is to give recognition and support to younger mathematical researchers who have made major contributions.
Contents
Conditions of the award
The Fields Medal is often described as the "Nobel Prize of Mathematics" for the prestige it carries,^{[7]} though in most other ways the relatively new Abel Prize is a more direct analogue. In contrast with the Nobel Prize, the Fields Medal is awarded only every four years. The Medal also has an age limit: a recipient's 40th birthday must not occur before 1 January of the year in which the Fields Medal is awarded. As a result some great mathematicians have missed it by having done their best work (or having had their work recognized) too late in life. The 40year rule is based on Fields' desire that
... while it was in recognition of work already done, it was at the same time intended to be an encouragement for further achievement on the part of the recipients and a stimulus to renewed effort on the part of others.
The monetary award is much lower than the roughly US$1.5 million given with each Nobel prize. Finally, Fields Medals have generally been awarded for a body of work, rather than for a particular result; and instead of a direct citation there is a speech of congratulation.
Other major awards in mathematics, such as the Abel Prize, recognise lifetime achievement, again making them different in kind from the Nobels, although the Abel has a large monetary prize like a Nobel. The Fields Medal has the prestige of the selection by the IMU, which represents the world mathematical community.
Full article ▸


related documents 
Margaret Atwood 
Carol Shields 
Nancy Huston 
Commonwealth Writers' Prize 
Luca Pacioli 
Raphael Holinshed 
Hitler Diaries 
Hugo Award 
French National Centre for Scientific Research 
Sergey Brin 
Stephen Cole Kleene 
Mike Royko 
Wikipedia:Mailing lists 
Wikipedia:WikiProject Military history 
Scotiabank Giller Prize 
Yann Martel 
Harold James Ruthven Murray 
Annals of Mathematics 
Robert Tarjan 
Rewrite man 
John Backus 
Fred Brooks 
Portal:Contents 
Thomas Joannes Stieltjes 
Wikipedia:Press coverage 2004 
National Book Award 
Baedeker 
Tim Berra 
Reference work 
Lillian Moller Gilbreth 
