Flag of Europe

related topics
{government, party, election}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{@card@, make, design}
{math, energy, light}
{country, population, people}
{group, member, jewish}
{god, call, give}
{service, military, aircraft}
{day, year, event}
{church, century, christian}
{game, team, player}
{math, number, function}
{company, market, business}
{black, white, people}
{car, race, vehicle}
{language, word, form}

The Flag of Europe is the flag and emblem of the European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE)[4] (it is also used to indicate the euro or eurozone countries). It consists of a circle of 12 golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. The blue represents the west, the number of stars represents completeness while their position in a circle represents unity. The stars do not vary according to the members of either organisation as they are intended to represent all the peoples of Europe, even those outside European integration.[citation needed]

The flag was designed by Arsène Heitz and Paul Lévy in 1955 for the CoE as its symbol, and the CoE urged it to be adopted by other organisations. In 1985 the EU, which was then the European Economic Community (EEC), adopted it as its own flag (having had no flag of its own before) at the initiative of the European Parliament. The flag is not mentioned in the EU's treaties, its incorporation being dropped along with the European Constitution, but it is formally adopted in law.

Despite it being the flag of two separate organisations, it is often more associated with the EU due to the EU's higher profile and heavy usage of the emblem. The flag has also been used to represent Europe in sporting events and as a pro-democracy banner outside the Union.[5] It has partly inspired other flags, such as those of other European organisations and those of states where the EU has been heavily involved (such as Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo).

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
List of Governors of California
Chancellor of the Exchequer
List of Presidents of Brazil
United States presidential election, 1944
Taoiseach
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
United States presidential election, 1836
John Engler
President of the People's Republic of China
Western European Union
Cumann na nGaedhael
Government of Hong Kong
History of the United States National Security Council 1963–1969
Nationalist Party of Australia
Politics of Mauritius
Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
Politics of Uzbekistan
United States presidential election, 1824
Chancellor of Germany
United Australia Party
Politics of São Tomé and Príncipe
Politics of Vietnam
Politics of the Bahamas
President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State
Recall election
History of the United States National Security Council 1961–1963
Governor of Maryland
Itō Hirobumi
Politics of Namibia
Politics of Yemen