Florida, Montgomery County, New York

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Florida is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 2,731 in the 2000 United States Census. The town was named after the state of Florida. It is located in the eastern end of Montgomery County and is south of the City of Amsterdam, which it borders.

Contents

History

The first contact by Europeans was the 1642 visit of Jesuit missionaries to a Mohawk village, Ti-On-On-To-Gen, located by the present-day Fort Hunter. After failing to Christianize the people, the village was attacked twice by forces from French Canada.

The first settlement by Europeans came with the construction of a British fort at the native village in 1711. Later, Sir William Johnson began his illustrious and profitable colonial career as an overseer of property in the town.

Due to the influence of Johnson and other, the Mohawks remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution, but their Tory associates later forteited all their property.

The town was founded in 1793 on the anniversary of the discovery of Florida by Juan Ponce de León. The Towns of Florida and Charleston divided the old "Town of Mohawk," ending its existence. A new Town of Mohawk was later created in a different part of the county.

The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 eased transportation to the outside world.

In 1880, the "Village of Port Jackson" in the town was annexed to form part of the City of Amsterdam. Port Jackson had been an important port on the Erie Canal and a ferry station connecting the south side of the Mohawk River to the City of Amsterdam.

The town is home of WVTL Radio studios, on New York State Route 5.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.5 sq mi (133 km2), of which, 50.4 sq mi (131 km2) of it is land and 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2) of it (2.21%) is water.

The eastern and southern town lines are the border of Schenectady County. The north boundary is the Mohawk River, and the west boundary is Schoharie Creek.

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes across the town near the Mohawk River. New York State Route 30 is a north-south highway in Florida. New York State Route 161, an east-west highway, intersects NY-30 south of the Thruway. New York State Route 5S parallels the Mohawk River.

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