Flower of Scotland

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Flower of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Flùr na h-Alba, Scots: Flouer o Scotland) is a Scottish song, used frequently at special occasions and sporting events. Although Scotland has no official national anthem, Flower of Scotland is one of a number of songs which unofficially fulfil this role, along with the older Scots Wha Hae, Scotland the Brave and Highland Cathedral. It was written by Roy Williamson of the folk group The Corries, and presented in 1967,[1] and refers to the victory of the Scots, led by Robert the Bruce, over England's Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.


Popular use

The song has been used by the Scotland national rugby union team, ever since the winger, Billy Steele, encouraged his team-mates to sing it on the victorious Lions tour of South Africa in 1974.[2] The song was adopted as the pre-game anthem during the 1990 Five Nations championship (the forerunner of the Six Nations Championship) which culminated in the deciding match between Scotland and England, which Scotland won 13-7 to win the Grand Slam.[3] The Scottish Football Association adopted "Flower of Scotland" as its pre-game anthem in 1997[4] although it was first used by them in 1993,[citation needed]. Usually only the first and third verses are sung. The song was used as the victory anthem of Team Scotland at the Commonwealth Games in 2010 replacing Scotland the Brave.[5]

The tune was originally composed on the Northumbrian smallpipes,[citation needed] which play in D and have the benefit of keys on the chanter to achieve a greater range of notes.

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