Fluvanna County, Virginia

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Fluvanna County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 20,047. Its county seat is Palmyra[1].

Fluvanna County is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.



The area which is now Fluvanna County was once part of Henrico County, one of the original shires of the Virginia Colony. Henrico was divided in 1727 and the Fluvanna County area became a part of Goochland County. In 1744 Goochland was divided and the area presently known as Fluvanna became a part of Albemarle County. Finally, in 1777, Albemarle County was divided and Fluvanna County established.

The County was named for the Fluvanna River, the name given to James River west of Columbia. Fluvanna means "Annie's River" in honor of Queen Anne of England. The county has the James and Rivanna Rivers running through it.

The Point of Fork (near Columbia where the James and Rivanna Rivers meet) was the site of a major Monacan village of the Native Americans in pre-colonial times. In the late eighteenth century the Rivanna River was made navigable by the efforts of Thomas Jefferson who owned much of the lands along its upper course, e.g. Shadwell and Monticello. Improvements included in the first generation (through 1830) were sluice cuts, small dams and batteaux locks. Second generation (1840–1870) improvements had long stretches of canal, serviced by large locks, many of which are still visible along the river. Shortly after the completion of the initial Rivanna navigational works, Virginia requested that the river be opened to public usage. It is said Jefferson initially refused, but the state would not be denied, and the Rivanna became an integral part of the central Virginian transportation network.

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