Foreign relations of Romania

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Romania joined the European Union (EU) on January 1, 2007. Romania also declared its public support for Turkey and Croatia joining the European Union. Romania shares a privileged economic relation with Turkey. Romania has developed strong relations with Hungary, with the latter playing a key role in supporting Romania's bid to join the EU.[citation needed]

Austria (Austria-Hungary, in that era) was the first country who recognized Romania's independence from Turkey (the Ottoman Empire at that time). The relations were suspended on August 27, 1916 when Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering the First World War. On August 27, 1920, the diplomatic relations were resumed, this time with Austria proper, due to the dissolution of the Austria-Hungary Empire. On April 5, 1938 relations were suspended again, few days before the anexation of Austria by Germany (Anschluss). Relations resumed on October 8, 1947, two years after Austria's secession from Germany.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: September 23 [O.S. September 11] 1878 - August 27 [O.S. August 14] 1916; August 27, 1920 - April 5, 1938.
  • Political mission: October 8, 1947 - August 1, 1955.
  • Legation: August 1, 1955 - September 26, 1963.
  • Embassy: since September 26, 1963.

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: March 29 [O.S. March 17] 1880 - February 11, 1941; July 4, 1946 - December 3, 1963
  • Embassy: since December 3, 1963

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • March 29 [O.S. March 17] 1880 - February 11, 1941
  • (between February 11, 1941 - August 23, 1944 Romania had diplomatic relations with Germany who was responsible for Belgium's foreign affairs)
  • since July 4, 1946

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