related topics
{company, market, business}
{theory, work, human}
{island, water, area}
{water, park, boat}
{specie, animal, plant}
{school, student, university}
{land, century, early}
{law, state, case}
{city, large, area}
{acid, form, water}
{work, book, publish}

Forestry is the art and science of managing forests, tree plantations, and related natural resources. The main goal of forestry is to create and implement systems that allow forests to continue a sustainable continuation of environmental supplies and services. The challenge of forestry is to create systems that are socially accepted while sustaining the resource and any other resources that might be affected.[1]

Silviculture, a related science, involves the growing and tending of trees and forests. Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, including assisting forests to provide timber as raw material for wood products, wildlife habitat, natural water quality management, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, aesthetically appealing landscapes, biodiversity management, watershed management, erosion control, and preserving forests as 'sinks' for atmospheric carbon dioxide. A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester. Note that the word "forestry" can also refer to a forest itself.

Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere,[2] and forestry has emerged as a vital field of science, applied art, and technology.



The use and management of many forest resources has a long history in China, dating from the Han Dynasty and taking place under the landowning gentry. It was also later written of by the Ming Dynasty Chinese scholar Xu Guangqi (1562–1633). In the Western world, formal forestry practices developed during the Middle Ages, when land was largely under the control of kings. Control of the land included hunting rights, and though peasants in many places were permitted to gather firewood and building timber and to graze animals, hunting rights were retained by the members of the nobility. Systematic management of forests for a sustainable yield of timber is said to have begun in the 16th century in both the German states[citation needed] and Japan.[3] Typically, a forest was divided into specific sections and mapped; the harvest of timber was planned with an eye to regeneration.

Full article ▸

related documents
World Meteorological Organization
Transportation planning
Newlands Reclamation Act
Total Quality Management
Archaeological site
University of Fort Hare
Land use
Robert Watson (scientist)
Kondratiev wave
Ford Foundation
Strait of Malacca
Celera Genomics
Countryside Council for Wales
Holding company
MyTravel Group
Sovereign bond
Economy of Mayotte
British Aircraft Corporation
Yum! Brands
Long boom
Michael Dell
Economic rationalism
Dassault Aviation
Robert C. Merton