Fort Garry

related topics
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{city, large, area}
{government, party, election}
{area, community, home}
{company, market, business}
{@card@, make, design}
{war, force, army}
{group, member, jewish}

Fort Garry, was also known as Upper Fort Garry, was a Hudson's Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. It was established in 1822 on or near the site of the North West Company's Fort Gibraltar. Fort Garry was named after Nicholas Garry, deputy governor of the Hudson's Bay Company. It served as the centre of fur trade within the Red River Settlement. Unfortunately in 1826, a severe flood destroyed the fort. It was rebuilt in 1835 by the HBC and named Upper Fort Garry to differentiate it from "the Lower Fort," or Lower Fort Garry, 32 km downriver, which was established in 1831.[1] Throughout the mid-to-late 19th century, Upper Fort Garry played a minor role in the actual trading of furs, but was central to the administration of the HBC and the surrounding settlement. The Council of Assiniboia, the administrative and judicial body of the Red River Settlement mainly run by Hudson's Bay Company officials, met at Upper Fort Garry.

In 1869, the Hudson's Bay Company agreed to surrender its monopoly in the North-West, including Upper Fort Garry. In late 1869 and early 1870, the fort was seized by Louis Riel and his Métis followers during the Red River Rebellion. After the Rebellion, the area around the fort continued to grow. In 1873, the city of Winnipeg was established and the name Fort Garry was no longer used. By the end of the 1880s, the majority of the fort had been demolished to straighten Main Street.

Although only the main gate of the fort remains today, the name "Fort Garry" lives on through various institutions and businesses. An area or division of Winnipeg running along the Red River south of the original fort is called Fort Garry. The hotel beside the fort is called the Fort Garry Hotel, which was originally constructed for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway company. The two streets on either side of the hotel are Fort Street and Garry Street. Many companies have adopted the name, such as Fort Garry Industries and the Fort Garry Brewing Company. It was designated a site of national historic significance in 1924. The Fort Garry Horse has been a component of the Winnipeg military garrison throughout the 20th and into the 21st Centuries.

Work has begun on a project to establish a heritage park in the area surrounding what remains of the Upper Fort Garry. In the spring of 2010, a bill passed the House in the Manitoba Legislature, entitled The Upper Fort Garry Heritage Provincial Park Act.

Contents

Future Heritage Park

In 2007, a development company, Crystal Developers, sought to build an apartment complex next to the fort's original "footprint". However, the Friends of Upper Fort Garry, a group dedicated to developing an historical interpretive park at the site, was convened to oppose them.[2][3] The plan called for an interpretive centre just outside the old fort's walls, and a large surface parking lot that would have been placed closer to the walls than the apartment itself. After a provincially-imposed deadline to raise funds to build a park on the site was nearing, Crystal Developers decided to grant the Friends an additional two years to finish raising the needed funds.[4] Crystal ultimately bowed out of its proposed development plans. Two years later the City of Winnipeg approved the construction by Crystal Developers of a 25-storey apartment tower just west of the original location, on Assiniboine Ave.[5]

Full article ▸

related documents
Fort Dearborn
Laconia, New Hampshire
East Renfrewshire
Sutter's Fort
Manistee, Michigan
Indian Territory
Berkeley Plantation
Woodbridge, Suffolk
Bjarni Herjólfsson
Swedish colonization of the Americas
Havelock, North Carolina
Dragør
Louis Jolliet
Lisse
Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition
Little Silver, New Jersey
Quechan
Eastham, Massachusetts
Portage Lakes (Ohio)
Bordentown, New Jersey
Cape Canaveral
Giovanni da Verrazzano
Vindolanda
Columbus, Mississippi
Mahican
Galena Park, Texas
Fort Augustus
Margaret River, Western Australia
Samuel Blommaert
John Sutter